Carotid artery disease treatment

The latest medical advances to reduce your chance of stroke

At Novant Health UVA Health System , we understand the complexities and varying degree of impact that carotid artery disease can have on your life. That’s why we work with you to learn your history and symptoms to create a treatment plan that works for you. Our goal is to lessen the worsening of your disease and lower your chances of having a stroke.

Treatment options include:

Lifestyle changes you will need to make

One of the most effective ways to fight this disease is to make changes to your lifestyle. We recommend implementing the following changes in your everyday life:

  • Quit smoking and using tobacco products.
  • Control high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes and heart disease.
  • Have regular checkups with your doctor.
  • Have your doctor check your lipid profile.
  • Eat foods low in saturated fats, cholesterol and sodium.
  • Achieve and maintain a desirable weight.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Limit the amount of alcohol you drink.

Medications

Your doctor might ask you to start taking a daily dose of aspirin or another blood-thinning medication to reduce the risk of blood clots. Other medications like angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or calcium channel blockers may be recommended to control your blood pressure.

Procedures

To avoid further complications with this disease, your doctor may recommend one of the following treatments:

  • Carotid endarterectomy: The plaque blocking the artery will be removed by a surgeon to restore normal blood flow to the brain.
  • Carotid stenting: A small stent will be inserted inside the artery to restore normal blood flow to the brain and help prevent future blockage.
  • Carotid angioplasty: A small balloon catheter will be inserted inside the artery and inflated to open it up. Once the artery is opened back up, debris will be gathered from the artery and a stent will be inserted to restore normal blood flow and help prevent future blockage.