The parathyroid glands are two pairs of small, oval-shaped glands located next to the two thyroid gland lobes in your neck.
Most parathyroid surgery is done for hyperparathyroidism, when a gland becomes enlarged and secretes too much hormone, upsetting the balance of calcium and phosphorus in your body.
If you have hyperparathyroidism, you may not have any symptoms; or you could experience symptoms including constant fatigue, general aches and pains, nausea, confusion and memory loss, excessive urination and high blood pressure. In this situation, the enlarged gland is typically removed. Novant Health UVA Health System surgeons can usually remove the gland through a very small incision in the neck.
Other parathyroid gland disorders include hypoparathyroidism and parathyroid tumors.